A Data Science Approach to Gerrymandering Thomas Gooding, Dara Herman, Erik Hombledal, Luc Rieffel, Alejandro Rea, Christian Ton-That
May 12, 2022
Gerrymandering is the rearrangement of election districts in such a way that gives one political party an advantage over the other. It is often used to suppress the weight of the political minority. Currently, redistricting is overseen by the majority political party within each state. It persists as an issue today because there are no concrete analytical methods used to judge whether a state has been gerrymandered since it is determined by human judgement. We have compiled an efficiency gap metric based on an equation based on wasted votes for counties in select states on a website in order to highlight the effects of gerrymandering as it exists in the United States today. The website focuses on states with significantly varying efficiency gaps.