With the shortage of teachers in California, especially in special education, mathematics, and science, there’s never been a better time to consider a career in education. As a teacher, you can give back to your community and make a difference in the lives of children.
Whether you’re exploring a possible career in teaching or are positive teaching is the job for you, figuring out the steps and requirements to becoming a qualified teacher can be overwhelming. This article contains all the information you need to pursue a career as a teacher in California.
Elementary and Secondary Teaching Credentials
First and foremost, you must earn a teaching credential to become eligible to teach in California. Each type of credential has different requirements, depending on the age and types of students you wish to teach. Most often, people earn one type of credential, although they can earn more than one.
There are three main types of credentials:
- Multiple Subject Teaching Credential (elementary school),
- Single Subject Credential (secondary/middle school), and
- Education Specialist Credential (transitional kindergarten through 22 years old special education).
All teaching credentials in California are obtained through a two-level process, beginning with the preliminary credential and resulting in the clear credential. Teacher candidates obtain a preliminary credential through a university program (such as Chapman University) and then will clear their credential through an induction program once they are hired by a school or school district.
The Multiple Subject Teaching Credential is for teachers who wish to teach all subjects in a self-contained classroom. Teachers with this credential are qualified to teach in an elementary (grades K-6) classroom or specialized multiple subject programs at the secondary level.
If you wish to teach high school or middle school students, then you will want to obtain the Single Subject Credential. Those who earn this credential are authorized to teach one subject and are typically employed at the high school or middle school (secondary) levels. The credential subjects offered at Chapman University are English, Mathematics, Science, Social Science, and Music.
READ MORE: Golden State Teacher Grant
Special Education Credentials
Special educators work in a variety of settings and classrooms. In inclusive education settings, special educators will consult, collaborate, and co-teach with general education teachers and other service providers. Specialized instruction may also be provided individually or groups at resource and learning centers as well as in hospitals, homes, and youth authority facilities.
To teach students with disabilities in California, a teacher must possess an Education Specialist Mild Moderate Support Needs (MMSN, formerly Mild/Moderate) Credential or an Education Specialist Extensive Support Needs (ESN, formerly Moderate/ Severe) Credential. These credentials prepare candidates to serve as special education teachers in transition kindergarten, grades K-12, and classes for adults through age 22.
The severity of disabilities range from mild/moderate to moderate/severe, and teachers must earn a credential to teach students with disabilities in those categories:
- Teachers who have earned the Education Specialist Mild Moderate Support Needs (MMSN) Credential are authorized to teach students with autism, emotional disturbance, intellectual disability, multiple disabilities, orthopedic impairment, other health impairment, specific learning disability, and traumatic brain injury.
- The Education Specialist Extensive Support Needs (ESN) Credential authorizes teachers to teach students with autism, deaf-blindness, emotional disturbance, intellectual disability, multiple disabilities, orthopedic impairment, other health impairment, specific learning disability, and traumatic brain injury.
To teach students with all types of disabilities, candidates must earn both the Education Specialist MMSN and ESN Credentials.
Chapman also has pathways for concurrently earning joint credentials, which qualifies you to teach in multiple settings:
- Education Specialist MMSN and ESN Credentials
- Joint Education Specialist MMSN Credential and Multiple Subject Credential
The Joint Education Specialist MMSN Credential and Multiple Subject Credential authorizes candidates earning both the MMSN and Multiple Subject credentials to teach all subjects in a classroom for students with mild-to-moderate disabilities. The classroom can be either self-contained or a general education classroom at the elementary (K-6) levels.
Beginning with the 2022-2023 academic year application cycle, the California Commission on Teacher Credentialing (CTC) is allowing applicants to teacher education programs to submit (1) a variety of exam scores, (2) evidence of sufficient coursework, or (3) a mixture of coursework and exam scores to fulfill program admission requirements. For more details about the basic skills and subject matter competency requirements, visit Chapman University’s Teacher Education Admission Testing Requirements webpage.
The California Student Aid Commission (CSAC) created the Golden State Teacher Grant, an education grant that can help prospective teachers cover the costs of earning a California teaching credential. The grant supports soon-to-be teachers by providing one-time grant of up to $20,000 in financial aid to help to pay for their teacher preparation program. Visit our Golden State Teacher Grant information page for grant requirements and steps to apply. Other forms of state and federal grants also available for future teachers, including TEACH Grants and Cal Grants. Download State and Federal Financial Aid for Future Teachers guide for more details and links to additional resources.
Additional resources for prospective teachers are also available on the TEACH California website.